Complete Guide To Hiking Kilimanjaro

By Grace Dietz
|Dec 13, 2023|
  • Hiking
View of Kilimanjaro


Embarking on an unforgettable adventure, hiking Kilimanjaro is an experience that challenges both your body and mind. It's essential to be well-prepared and informed before setting foot on the mountain to ensure a successful and enjoyable climb. This comprehensive guide will provide you with crucial insights and expert tips, setting you up for an exhilarating journey to the summit of Africa's highest peak.

Understanding Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro is an awe-inspiring natural wonder, standing tall as the highest peak in Africa at an impressive 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) above sea level. Located in Tanzania, this volcanic mountain attracts thousands of adventure seekers each year, who embark on the challenge of reaching its summit. As you plan your own Kilimanjaro hike, it's crucial to understand the importance of altitude and acclimatization.

The trek to the summit of Kilimanjaro exposes hikers to high altitudes, which can have significant effects on the body. As you ascend, the air becomes thinner and contains less oxygen, making it more challenging to breathe and maintain your energy levels. Acclimatization is the process of allowing your body to adjust to these changes in altitude, reducing the risk of altitude sickness and ensuring a safer, more enjoyable climb.

Respecting the importance of acclimatization and allowing yourself time to adapt to the altitude is key to a successful Kilimanjaro hike. Keep this in mind as you plan your route, ensuring that you choose an itinerary that allows for gradual ascent and sufficient rest days to let your body adjust to the thinning air.

Best Time to Hike Kilimanjaro

Choosing the right time to hike Kilimanjaro can make all the difference in your overall experience. There are two main hiking seasons on the mountain that offer the best conditions for a successful climb: January to early March and June to September.

January to early March is a fantastic time to hike Kilimanjaro, as it's generally drier and warmer than other times of the year. The trails are less crowded during this period, making it an ideal choice for those seeking a more tranquil experience. However, be prepared for the possibility of encountering some rain in the lower sections of the mountain.

June to September is another popular hiking season for Kilimanjaro. During these months, the weather is more stable and cooler, with clear skies and little precipitation. This is the busiest season on the mountain, so expect to share the trails with other hikers. If you prefer cooler temperatures and don't mind the crowds, this could be the perfect time for your adventure.

Although it's possible to hike Kilimanjaro during the off-season , it's essential to weigh the pros and cons before committing. On the plus side, you'll encounter fewer crowds and may even score better deals on accommodations and guided climbs. However, the off-season also brings more unpredictable weather, with heavy rainfall and potentially challenging trail conditions. If you're an experienced hiker and don't mind a little extra challenge, an off-season hike might be a unique and rewarding experience.

Ultimately, the best time to hike Kilimanjaro will depend on your personal preferences and priorities. Consider the factors mentioned above and choose a time that aligns with your hiking goals and comfort levels.

Kilimanjaro Hiking Routes

When planning your Kilimanjaro hike, it's important to choose the right route that aligns with your preferences and hiking experience. There are several routes to the summit, each offering unique characteristics and varying levels of difficulty. In this section, we'll explore the most popular Kilimanjaro hiking routes and help you determine which one is the best fit for your adventure.

Marangu Route is often referred to as the "Coca-Cola route" due to its popularity and relatively easier trails. This route typically takes 5-6 days to complete and offers hut accommodations along the way. The Marangu route is a great option for beginners, but it's essential to note that it has a lower success rate due to the faster ascent, which can affect acclimatization.

Machame Route, also known as the "Whiskey route", is more challenging than the Marangu route and offers stunning scenery through various landscapes. This route takes 6-7 days to complete and requires camping along the way. The Machame route is ideal for hikers with some experience and a strong sense of adventure, as it offers a higher success rate due to better acclimatization opportunities. Coaster offers a guided tour on this route while also fundraising for cancer: Click here to book now!

Lemosho Route is a scenic and remote route that takes 7-8 days to complete, allowing for excellent acclimatization. The Lemosho route offers diverse landscapes, from rainforests to moorlands, and provides hikers with breathtaking views along the way. This route is perfect for experienced hikers seeking a more off-the-beaten-path experience.

Rongai Route is the only route that approaches Kilimanjaro from the north, offering a more remote and quieter hiking experience. This route takes 6-7 days to complete and is known for its gentle slopes, making it a suitable option for novice hikers. The Rongai route also offers a unique opportunity to spot wildlife, as it passes through the remote wilderness of the mountain.

Umbwe Route is the most challenging and least-traveled route on Kilimanjaro. This steep and direct route takes 6-7 days to complete and is recommended for experienced and physically fit hikers. The Umbwe route provides a truly adventurous experience, but it's important to note that it has a lower success rate due to its rapid ascent and limited acclimatization opportunities.

When comparing the routes and selecting the best fit for your Kilimanjaro hike, consider factors such as difficulty, scenery, duration, and acclimatization opportunities. By choosing a route that aligns with your experience and preferences, you'll increase your chances of reaching the summit and create unforgettable memories along the way.

Costs and Budgeting for Your Kilimanjaro Hike

Understanding the costs involved in hiking Kilimanjaro and budgeting accordingly is crucial for a smooth and enjoyable experience. The expenses associated with a Kilimanjaro hike can vary, but it's essential to be aware of the main components that contribute to the overall cost. In this section, we'll provide a breakdown of expenses and offer tips on saving money and budgeting for your adventure.

Some of the primary expenses to consider when planning your Kilimanjaro hike include:

  • Guided climb and park fees: Hiring a reputable guiding company and paying the necessary park fees is a significant part of your budget. These fees generally cover the services of your guides, porters, and cooks, as well as access to the mountain and camping facilities.
  • Travel expenses: Flights, visas, and ground transportation to and from Kilimanjaro are essential costs to factor into your budget.
  • Equipment and gear: Quality hiking gear, clothing, and equipment are vital for a successful and comfortable hike. While some items can be rented or borrowed, others may need to be purchased.
  • Food and accommodations: Budget for meals and accommodations before and after your hike, as well as any additional days spent acclimatizing or exploring the surrounding areas.
  • Gratuities: Tipping your guides, porters, and cooks is customary and should be accounted for in your budget.
  • Travel insurance: Investing in comprehensive travel insurance that covers high-altitude trekking is highly recommended for your safety and peace of mind.

With a clear understanding of the expenses involved, you can take steps to save money and budget for your Kilimanjaro hike. Some tips include:

  • Research and compare different guiding companies to find the best value for your budget. Keep in mind that the cheapest option may not always be the best, so prioritize quality and safety.
  • Book your flights and accommodations well in advance to secure the best deals.
  • Consider borrowing or renting equipment instead of purchasing new items, especially if you don't plan on using them again.
  • Travel with a group to share costs, such as ground transportation and accommodations.

By being proactive and planning your budget carefully, you'll set yourself up for a successful and rewarding Kilimanjaro hike without breaking the bank.

Finding a Kilimanjaro Guided Climb

Hiring a professional guide is an essential aspect of your Kilimanjaro hike, as it ensures a safe and enjoyable experience. Guides are well-versed in the mountain's routes, terrain, and potential hazards, making them invaluable resources for your journey. Furthermore, guided climbs often include the support of porters and cooks, allowing you to focus on the physical and mental challenges of the hike without worrying about logistical details.

To select a reputable guiding company, consider factors such as experience, safety records, and client testimonials. Look for companies that prioritize responsible and sustainable travel practices, as well as fair treatment of their staff. Additionally, ensure that the guiding company has knowledgeable guides who are certified by the appropriate local authorities. By taking the time to carefully research and compare different guiding companies, you'll be able to find one that aligns with your values and provides the best possible experience on the mountain.

For an even more convenient and seamless booking process, consider using the Coaster platform. As an adventure-focused platform, Coaster offers curated itineraries, personalized recommendations, and a hassle-free booking experience for outdoor adventures around the world, including guided climbs on Kilimanjaro. By opting for a Coaster-guided climb, you can trust that you're in the hands of verified guides and enjoy a truly unforgettable adventure.

Preparing for Your Kilimanjaro Hike

As you gear up for the thrilling adventure of hiking Kilimanjaro, it's crucial to prepare both physically and mentally for the challenges that lie ahead. A successful and enjoyable hike requires not only a strong body but also a resilient mindset, ready to face any obstacles that may arise on the mountain. In this section, we'll explore the physical fitness requirements, training tips for improving endurance, and mental preparation strategies for your Kilimanjaro hike.

Physical Fitness Requirements

While Kilimanjaro is considered a non-technical climb, it's essential to be in good physical shape to tackle the mountain's demanding terrain and high altitude. A solid foundation of cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, and flexibility will go a long way in ensuring your success on the hike. Aim to incorporate aerobic exercises like hiking, running, or cycling into your routine, along with strength training exercises targeting your core, legs, and upper body. Additionally, flexibility exercises like yoga or stretching can help prevent injuries and improve your overall performance on the mountain.

Training Regimen and Tips for Improving Endurance

Developing a consistent and well-rounded training regimen is key to building the endurance needed for your Kilimanjaro hike. Ideally, begin your training at least three months before your scheduled climb, gradually increasing the intensity and duration of your workouts. Include a mix of aerobic activities, strength training, and flexibility exercises in your routine, along with regular hikes on varied terrain to simulate the conditions you'll face on the mountain. As you progress in your training, consider adding a weighted backpack to your hikes to prepare for carrying your gear on Kilimanjaro.

Mental Preparation

Beyond physical fitness, mental preparation plays a critical role in your Kilimanjaro experience. Cultivating a positive mindset, embracing the challenge, and setting realistic expectations will help you navigate the ups and downs of the hike with confidence and resilience. Consider practicing mindfulness techniques, like meditation or deep breathing exercises, to help manage stress and maintain focus during your climb. Additionally, connecting with fellow hikers and sharing experiences can provide valuable insights and encouragement, setting you up for a successful and memorable Kilimanjaro adventure.

Packing Essentials for Your Kilimanjaro Climb

Preparing for your Kilimanjaro hike involves careful planning and packing to ensure you have all the necessary gear and supplies for a successful and enjoyable experience. In this section, we'll cover the essentials you'll need for your Kilimanjaro climb, from clothing and footwear to personal items and health supplies.

Clothing and Layers

When packing for your Kilimanjaro hike, consider the various climates and temperatures you'll encounter on the mountain. It's crucial to pack clothing that can be layered to accommodate changing conditions. Include moisture-wicking base layers, insulating mid-layers, and waterproof outer layers to keep you warm and dry throughout your hike. Don't forget essentials like hats, gloves, and warm socks to protect your extremities from the cold.


Proper footwear is essential for a comfortable and injury-free hike. Invest in a pair of high-quality, waterproof hiking boots that provide ample ankle support and a secure fit. Make sure to break in your boots before the hike to avoid blisters and discomfort. Additionally, pack a pair of lightweight sandals or shoes for wearing around the campsite during rest periods.

Gear and Equipment

Quality gear and equipment can make all the difference in your Kilimanjaro experience. Some essential items to pack include a durable backpack, trekking poles, a headlamp, and a quality sleeping bag rated for low temperatures. If you're camping along the route, you'll also need a tent, sleeping pad, and cooking gear.

Personal Items and Toiletries

Remember to pack personal items and toiletries to maintain your hygiene and comfort during the hike. Include essentials like sunscreen, insect repellent, toilet paper, wet wipes, and a quick-dry towel. Additionally, consider packing a small first aid kit, including adhesive bandages, blister care products, and pain relievers.

Medications and Health Supplies

Ensure you have any necessary medications and health supplies for your Kilimanjaro hike. Consult with your doctor about any prescription medications you may need, as well as recommendations for altitude sickness prevention and treatment. Additionally, pack essentials like a water purification system, electrolyte supplements, and any personal health items you may require during your adventure.

By thoroughly packing and preparing for your Kilimanjaro hike, you'll set yourself up for a successful and enjoyable adventure to the summit of Africa's highest peak.

Health and Safety on the Mountain

Ensuring your health and safety while hiking Kilimanjaro is of utmost importance. In this section, we'll discuss essential topics, such as acclimatization and altitude sickness, hydration and nutrition, and emergency procedures and evacuation plans, to help you navigate the mountain with confidence.

Acclimatization and Altitude Sickness

As you ascend Kilimanjaro, the altitude increases, and the air becomes thinner, which can result in altitude sickness for some hikers. Acclimatization is the process of allowing your body to adjust to these changes in altitude, reducing the risk of altitude sickness. To promote successful acclimatization, consider choosing a route that allows for a gradual ascent and includes rest days for your body to adapt. Additionally, pay attention to any symptoms of altitude sickness, such as headache, dizziness, or shortness of breath, and communicate with your guide about any concerns.

Hydration and Nutrition

Maintaining proper hydration and nutrition is essential for your health and energy levels during the hike. Drinking plenty of water throughout the day can help prevent dehydration, which can exacerbate altitude sickness symptoms. Aim to consume at least 3-4 liters of water daily and consider using electrolyte supplements to replenish lost minerals. Additionally, prioritize eating a well-balanced diet rich in carbohydrates, proteins, and healthy fats to fuel your body and keep your energy levels stable.

Emergency Procedures and Evacuation Plans

While hiking Kilimanjaro, it's crucial to be prepared for unexpected situations and have a clear understanding of the emergency procedures and evacuation plans in place. Your guiding company should have a comprehensive safety plan, including communication protocols, first aid supplies, and evacuation procedures in case of severe illness or injury. Familiarize yourself with these plans and ensure that you have a way to communicate with your guide and the rest of your group at all times. By being well-prepared and informed about health and safety measures on the mountain, you'll increase your chances of a successful and enjoyable Kilimanjaro hike.

Tips for a Successful Kilimanjaro Hike

Embarking on the adventure of hiking Kilimanjaro can be both rewarding and challenging. To increase your chances of success and make the most of your experience, consider the following tips:

  • Pacing yourself and listening to your guide: The key to a successful Kilimanjaro hike is maintaining a sustainable pace throughout the journey. It's essential to listen to your guide's advice and adjust your pace accordingly, allowing your body time to acclimatize and conserve energy for the final push to the summit.
  • Embracing the journey and enjoying the experience: Hiking Kilimanjaro is a once-in-a-lifetime adventure, and it's important to focus on the journey rather than just the destination. Take time to appreciate the breathtaking scenery, connect with fellow hikers, and immerse yourself in the unique cultures and landscapes of Tanzania.
  • Staying positive and mentally strong: The mental challenges of hiking Kilimanjaro can be as demanding as the physical ones. Maintaining a positive mindset and staying mentally strong throughout the hike can help you overcome obstacles and setbacks, increasing your chances of reaching the summit.

By incorporating these tips into your Kilimanjaro hiking strategy, you'll be well-equipped to tackle the challenges of the mountain and create unforgettable memories along the way.

Frequently Asked Questions about Hiking Kilimanjaro

As you prepare for your Kilimanjaro adventure, you may have some questions about the hike, ranging from practical considerations to logistical details. In this section, we address some of the most frequently asked questions to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of this exciting journey.

Do I need any special skills or experience to hike Kilimanjaro?

While no technical climbing skills are required for hiking Kilimanjaro, it's essential to be in good physical shape and have some experience with high-altitude trekking. A solid foundation of cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, and flexibility will greatly benefit your hike. Additionally, mental preparedness and a positive mindset are crucial for overcoming challenges on the mountain.

What is the best route for hiking Kilimanjaro?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best route for you will depend on your experience, preferences, and priorities. Factors to consider when selecting a route include difficulty, scenery, duration, and acclimatization opportunities. Research the various routes available and choose the one that aligns with your goals and comfort levels.

What should I pack for my Kilimanjaro hike?

Proper packing is essential for a successful Kilimanjaro hike. Key items to include are quality hiking gear, clothing, and equipment, such as a durable backpack, trekking poles, a headlamp, and a quality sleeping bag rated for low temperatures. Additionally, pack essentials like sunscreen, insect repellent, toilet paper, wet wipes, and a quick-dry towel.

How long does it take to hike Kilimanjaro?

The duration of your Kilimanjaro hike will depend on the route you choose, as well as your pace and acclimatization needs. On average, most hikers can complete the climb in 6-8 days. It's essential to allow ample time for acclimatization to ensure a safer and more enjoyable experience.

What is the success rate for reaching the summit of Kilimanjaro?

The success rate for reaching the summit of Kilimanjaro varies depending on the route, the hiker's experience, and their level of preparedness. In general, the success rate ranges from 40% to 70%, with better-acclimatized and well-prepared hikers having a higher likelihood of reaching the summit. Choosing the right route, training, and preparing thoroughly will increase your chances of success.


Embarking on the incredible adventure of hiking Kilimanjaro is a truly life-changing experience that will challenge and inspire you. As you prepare to conquer Africa's highest peak, remember the importance of being well-prepared, both physically and mentally. From selecting the right route and packing essential gear to maintaining a positive mindset and prioritizing safety, every aspect of your preparation will contribute to your success on the mountain.

As you look forward to this unforgettable journey, consider booking your Kilimanjaro guided climb with Coaster. With their commitment to sustainability, responsible travel, and customer satisfaction, Coaster offers a seamless booking experience and connects you with verified local guides for a truly authentic adventure. Embrace the thrill of hiking Kilimanjaro, and begin your journey to the summit with confidence and excitement.

Embark on Your Adventure

With this comprehensive guide, you're now ready to embark on the unforgettable adventure of hiking Kilimanjaro. Remember, thorough preparation and a positive mindset are key to conquering Africa's highest peak. To make your journey even more seamless, consider using the Coaster platform for curated adventures and personalized recommendations. Start planning your Kilimanjaro hike with the help of Coaster's expert team, and experience the thrill of reaching the summit!

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